Rats are rodents that have stocky bodies with long hairless and scaly tails. Its fur on its back is of a greyish brown and is of a light grey on its abdomen. Rats are generally nocturnal animals and are very good swimmers. They have bad eyesight but have other developed senses. Rats communicate between each other by ultrasound or cries.
The rat is commensal like man. They are found in lower and humid areas of a habitation such as a basement and are also found in sewers, dumping grounds, ports, riverbanks, lakes, farm buildings and fields. When living outside, they will dig borrows of a depths of 30 to 40 cm situated near the proximity of food. Rats live in colonies which are driven by a hierarchy and they are very territorial.
Rats are omnivore. They will feed of cereal, vegetables, meat, eggs and fish. In cities, they can eat everything that is comestible in garbage but is very distrustful of all new sources of food. They will eat the equivalent of 10% of their body mass per day. If necessary, they will attack farm animals and even become cannibals.
PREVENTION AND COMPLIMENTARY INFORMATION
The grey rat can be the carrier of disease such as rabies. It can damage homes, pipelines and transmission lines.